What is History of Two Nation Theory about Pakistan?
After over 76 years of gaining independence of Pakistan, Some people still raising the fundamental question:-
Why was Pakistan Created and What is the reason for Pakistan?
What is Two Nation Nation Theory and Ideology of Pakistan?
دو قومی نظریہ پاکستان دو قومی نظریہ اور نظریہ پاکستان کیا ہے؟
Believers as One People – Disbelievers, another
The Two-Nation Theory is a fundamental concept in the history of Pakistan that played a pivotal role in the creation of the country in 1947. It was developed by Muslim leaders in British India, particularly by Allama Muhammad Iqbal and later championed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.
The Two-Nation Theory essentially argued that Hindus and Muslims in India were two distinct nations with their own religious, cultural, and social identities. According to this theory, Muslims and Hindus had distinct historical backgrounds, religious beliefs, and social practices that made them incompatible as a single nation. As a result, it was believed that Muslims needed a separate homeland to protect their political, social, and religious rights.
The roots of the Two-Nation Theory can be traced back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries when Muslims in India began to feel marginalized in a predominantly Hindu-majority country. The theory gained significant momentum during the early 1940s when the demand for a separate Muslim state became a prominent part of the political discourse.
The turning point came in 1940 when the All-India Muslim League, under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, passed the Lahore Resolution, also known as the Pakistan Resolution. This resolution called for the creation of an independent Muslim state in regions of British India where Muslims were in a majority.
The theory was ultimately realized in 1947 when, upon gaining independence from British rule, India was partitioned into two separate states: India and Pakistan. Pakistan was created as a separate homeland for Muslims and was divided into two geographically distinct regions: West Pakistan (present-day Pakistan) and East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh).
The Two-Nation Theory remains a significant aspect of Pakistan’s historical and ideological identity. It has influenced the country’s constitution, its approach to governance, and its relations with its neighboring countries, particularly India. However, it’s important to note that this theory has also been a subject of debate and controversy, with some critics arguing that it oversimplified the complex religious and cultural diversity of the Indian subcontinent and contributed to religious tensions and conflicts.
Pakistan emerged on the basis of a two-nation theory, for which the Muslims of India under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the philosophical guidance of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, made great sacrifices. They aimed to establish a nation where Muslims could live freely, in accordance with the principles of Islam, and prosper in peace and harmony. Islam, in their vision, would safeguard the rights of minorities. Quaid-e-Azam saw the model of the Medina Charter as an inspiration.
Regrettably, today, the public is being misled under the banner of secularism. The “Objectives Resolution,” which is a part of both the 1956 and the current 1973 constitutions, is the guarantee and proof of this.
Opponents of Pakistan seek to influence power and media to change the foundation of Pakistan.
Pakistan emerged on the basis of a two-nation theory, for which Indian Muslims, under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the ideological guidance of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, made great sacrifices. They aimed to establish a nation where Muslims could live in accordance with the principles of Islam, achieving modern progress in peace and harmony. Islam grants protection and freedom to minorities. Quaid-e-Azam envisioned the Model of Medina, as per which Pakistan was to be founded.
Unfortunately, today, the term “secularism” is being used to mislead the public. The “Objectives Resolution,” a part of the 1956 and current 1973 constitutions, provides assurance and evidence of this. Opposing factions are trying to influence Pakistan’s foundations through power and the media.