What’s happen after Victory of Makkah in Arab history?
The Victory of Makkah, also known as the Conquest of Makkah, was a significant event in Arab and Islamic history. It took place in the year 630 CE, and it marked the peaceful reclamation of the city of Makkah by the Prophet Muhammad and his followers after years of persecution and exile. The victory had several important consequences and events that followed:
- Peaceful Conquest: The conquest of Makkah was unique in that it was achieved without a major battle. Muhammad, with a large Muslim army, entered Makkah peacefully, and the city surrendered without resistance. This event demonstrated the mercy and forgiveness of the Prophet Muhammad.
- Destruction of Idols: One of the first actions after the conquest was the destruction of the idols in and around the Kaaba. This marked the end of the pre-Islamic Arabian practice of idol worship, and the Kaaba was rededicated to the worship of the one true God, Allah.
- Declaration of General Amnesty: Muhammad declared a general amnesty, pardoning those who had previously opposed him, including many of his former enemies in Makkah. This act of forgiveness helped to unite the Arabian Peninsula under the banner of Islam.
- Spread of Islam: The conquest of Makkah was a turning point in the spread of Islam. With the victory and the subsequent reconciliation, many tribes and communities in Arabia embraced Islam, and it played a significant role in the rapid expansion of the Islamic faith.
- Establishment of Islamic Governance: After the conquest of Makkah, the Prophet Muhammad established a system of Islamic governance. He appointed governors to oversee the affairs of different regions and tribes and began implementing Islamic law and principles in the newly acquired territories.
- Pilgrimage: The annual pilgrimage to the Kaaba (Hajj) was reaffirmed as one of the Five Pillars of Islam, with modifications to remove idolatrous practices. Muslims from various parts of Arabia and beyond started coming to Makkah to perform the Hajj, further strengthening the importance of Makkah in the Islamic world.
The Victory of Makkah marked the beginning of the consolidation of the Islamic state and the eventual unification of the Arabian Peninsula under the banner of Islam. It was a critical moment in Islamic history, as it helped establish Makkah as a central place of worship and a spiritual focal point for Muslims worldwide.