Glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising, forests are dying, and wildlife is scrambling to keep peace. It has become clear that humans have caused most of the past century’s global warming by releasing heat-trapping gases as we power our modern lives. Greenhouse gases, their levels are higher now than at any time in the last 800,000 years.
Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperature but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. All of those changes are emerging as humans continue to add heat-trapping greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, changing the rhythms of climate that all living things have come to rely on.
What will we do—what can we do—to slow this human-caused warming? How will we cope with the changes we’ve already set into motion? While we struggle to figure it all out, the fate of the Earth as we know it—coasts, forests, farms, and snow-capped mountains—hangs in the balance.
Legal aspects of global warming regulation
A political consensus was reached in the conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, where parties to the Convention on Climate Change expressed the aim of their common effort as “the stabilization of greenhouse gases concentrations in the atmosphere at the level that would prevent climate change”. Although it was a framework convention it did not bring any specific greenhouse gases reduction requirements. Participating states obligated themselves to prepare national inventories of greenhouse gases sources and sinks and to elaborate national action programs. Further obligations addressed development of ecosystems as greenhouse gases sinks, support technologies for emission reduction, monitoring, research, information exchange and cooperation. Further development aimed at finding the way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, since the parties agreed to set emission limitations in the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. The aim of emission reductions should be reached in the period of 2008-2012. Year 1990 was designated as the baseline year.
Understanding the greenhouse effect
The “greenhouse effect” is the warming that happens when certain gases in Earth’s atmosphere trap heat. These gases let in light but keep heat from escaping, like the glass walls of a greenhouse, hence the name.
I. Regulatory instruments at the national and EU law level
I.1 Greenhouse gases emission limitation
Based on the Kyoto Protocol, each party listed in Annex B has assigned amounts of greenhouse gases that it had committed not to exceed in the commitment period 2008 to 2012, so that overall emissions of such gases should be reduced by at least 5 percent below 1990 levels.
Global warming within the light of holy Quran and Prophetic Statements (Ahaadith)
Islam is a complete code of life it briefly describe each n every aspect of life so Quranic verses AND hadiths have briefly explain the global warming and its causes”
To begin with, the Quran calls on us to recognize our own contribution to the crisis:
Corruption doth appear on land and sea because of (the evil) which men’s hands have done, that He may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return. (Quran 30:41)
Wastefulness is a major contributing factor to our present woes, hence the sudden awareness of the benefits of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste. But this reminds us of some Quranic cautions. For example: “But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters” (Quran 6:141, Yusuf Ali translation).
The equilibrium of all life
Furthermore, Muslims believe that all creations of Allah, including animals and trees, glorify God in their own way.
“See you not that whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Dawâbb [moving (living) creatures, beasts], and many of mankind prostrate themselves to Allah.” (Quran 22:18)
Islam also teaches humans that all creatures of God, whether it be the tiny ant or the huge lion, serves a certain purpose in the larger scheme of God’s world: “There is not an animal (that lives) on the earth, nor a being that flies on its wings, but (forms part of) communities like you.” (Quran 6:38)
Reduce, reuse, recycle
Do your part to reduce waste by choosing reusable products instead of disposables — get a reusable water bottle, for example. Buying products with minimal packaging (including the economy size when that makes sense for you) will help to reduce waste. And whenever you can, recycle paper, plastic, newspaper, glass and aluminum cans. If there isn’t a recycling program at your workplace, school, or in your community, ask about starting one. By recycling half of your household waste, you can save 2,400 pounds of carbon dioxide annually.
Use Less Heat and Air Conditioning
Adding insulation to your walls and attic, and installing weather stripping or caulking around doors and windows can lower your heating costs more than 25 percent, by reducing the amount of energy you need to heat and cool your home.
Turn down the heat while you’re sleeping at night or away during the day, and keep temperatures moderate at all times. Setting your thermostat just 2 degrees lower in winter and higher in summer could save about 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide each year.
Change light bulbs
Wherever practical, replace regular light bulbs with LED bulbs; they are even better than compact fluorescent light (CFL). Replacing just one 60-watt incandescent light bulb with a LED used 4 hrs a day can yield $14 in savings annually. LEDs will also last many times longer than incandescent bulbs.
Drive less and drive smart
Less driving means fewer emissions. Besides saving gasoline, walking and biking are great forms of exercise. Explore your community mass transit system, and check out options for carpooling to work or school. Even vacations can provide opportunities to reduce your carbon footprint.
When you do drive, make sure your car is running efficiently. For example, keeping your tires properly inflated can improve your gas mileage by more than 3 percent. Every gallon of gas you save not only helps your budget, it also keeps 20 pounds of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere.
Buy energy-efficient products
When it’s time to buy a new car, choose one that offers good gas mileage. Home appliances now come in a range of energy-efficient models, and LED bulbs are designed to provide more natural-looking light while using far less energy than standard light bulbs. Look into your state’s energy efficiency programs; you might find some help.
Global warming is a global problem we must have to take some severe actions starting from our selves in order to prevent its harmful effect.