Complete History and Biography of Allama Muhammad Iqbal – Urdu/Hindi Farsi.
Political Wisdom of Allama Iqbal?
It was Islamic universalism which is a base of Muslim nationalism. Iqbal believes that Islamic universalism can be attained only by strengthening of Muslim nationalism which is the ultimate goal of Muslims. He wants to revive Islam and Islamic civilization for the sake of the safety of humanity.
What was the political contribution of Dr. Muhammad Allama Iqbal?
He would serve as president of the Punjab Muslim League, and would deliver speeches and publish articles in an attempt to rally Muslims across India as a single political entity. Iqbal consistently criticized feudal classes in Punjab as well as Muslim politicians opposed to the League.
What is the Two Nation (Hindu and Muslim) Ideology of Allama Iqbal?
The two nation theory sought to establish a separate state for Indian Muslims from the northwestern provinces and Bengal region of colonial India. Pakistan claims to be the inheritor of the traditions of Muslim India, and the heir of the two-nation theory.
Dr. Muhammad Allama Iqbal explained about Pakistan Ideology
Allama Iqbal openly negated the concept of one nation and said: “Nations are based with religion; not with territories. So we are separate nation because we have our own ideology.” “If British Government is interested to resolve Hindu-Muslim conflicts then India should be divided into states
What was the political theory of Allama Iqbal?
His political thought is akin to democratic government in the individual Islamic state or democracy-based Islamic an international order. He terms his democracy as a “spiritual democracy”, different in many respects from Western democracy.
Allama Iqbal Popularly Known as Poet of the East. Dr Iqbal Was the one of the greatest Poets and philosopher in Urdu and Farsi languages. and seers of Humanity of all times. Dr. Allama Iqbal Commonly refereed to by honorific Allama, Its mean Very Knowing and most Learned.
What did Allama Iqbal do in Germany?
Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) was very fond of Heidelberg, where he spent some time studying Philosophy, Literature and German. Looking back on his sojourn in Heidelberg, he wrote: “My stay in Heidelberg was like a beautiful dream
Who invited Allama Iqbal to Afghanistan?
Sulaiman Nadvi (C) with Allama Iqbal (left) and Sir Ross Masood (right), the grandson of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan in Kabul, Afghanistan, October 1933. In September 1933, the Afghan government officially invited them to visit Afghanistan on the eve of Jashn-i-Istiklal.
Where is Allama Iqbal buried?
Outside the Badshahi Mosque, near its steps, lies the Tomb of Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938 AD), the poet-philosopher of Pakistan and then subcontinent. The mausoleum is a blend of Afghan and Moorish styles architecture and is constructed of red sandstone which was brought from Rajasthan.
When did Allama Iqbal went to Europe?
Higher education in Europe
Iqbal was influenced by the teachings of Sir Thomas Arnold, his philosophy teacher at Government College Lahore, to pursue higher education in the West. In 1905, he travelled to England for that purpose.
Khudī ko kar buland itnā kay har Taqdīr se Pahle
Khudā bande se Khud Pūchhe Batā Terī Razā Kyā hai
خودہی کو کر بلند اتنا کہ ہر تقدیر سے پہلے خدا بندے سے خود پوچھے بتا تیری رضا کیا ہے
Ata Hai Yaad Mujh Ko, Guzra Hoa Zamana
آتا ہے یاد مجھے گزرا ہوا زمانہ آتا ہے یاد مجھے گزرا ہوا زمانہ علامہ اقبال کی زندگی کی داستان شاعر مشرق مفکر سلطان پاکستان اور ہندوستان
Allama Iqbal was a so Famous Writer and Philosopher and Poets۔
Allama Iqbal basic studied in Sialkot and Lahore, and later in Cambridge. After graduating with a Doctorate from Ludwig-Maximillian University in Munich in 1907 with his dissertation The Development of Metaphysics in Persia, and instituted law at Lincoln’s Inn in 1908, he practiced law for many years in Lahore, his hometown.
Iqbal is widely known as one of the most important figures in Urdu and Persian literature, having written numerous volumes of poetry in both languages. After returning to Lahore in 1908, Iqbal taught philosophy and English literature while practicing law
Iqbal’s reputation as a poet grew through his annual staging at the gathering of a philanthropic association from 1900 in Lahore and the publication of his poems in Makhzan, the leading poetic magazine since 1901. With Asrar-i-Khudi The Secrets of the Self, Dr. Allama Iqbal moved to Persia, especially a form of Mathnavi, as the first to express his philosophical views.
Allama Iqbal’s greatest gem was Javidnama in 1932, a spiritual Journey across the Universe under the guidance of Maulana Rumi and come to a head in an interview with God.
Spouse of Allama Iqbal, How many wives did Allama Iqbal have?
Iqbal married four times under different circumstances. His first marriage was in 1895 when he was 18 years old. His bride, Karim Bibi, was the daughter of a Gujrati physician, Khan Bahadur Ata Muhammad Khan. Her sister was the mother of director and music composer Khwaja Khurshid Anwar.
How many wives did Dr. Allama Muhammed Iqbal have?
Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal, a renowned philosopher, poet, and politician from British India, had only one wife. His wife’s name was Sardar Begum, and they were married in 1895. Together, they had three children: Aftab Iqbal, Muneera Bano, and Javed Iqbal.
When did Allama Iqbal marry Sardar Begum?
Sardar Begum. one of three wives of Allama Iqbal. Lahore when Iqbal married her in the winter of 1910.
Sardar Begum. one of three wives of Dr. Allama Iqbal.
Sardar Begum was an orphaned Kashmiri girl living in Lahore when Iqbal married her in the winter of 1910. Only Nikah was performed on this occasion while the Rukhsati was to be held later. She remained his most favorite wife.
Dr. Muhammad Iqbal, also known as Allama Iqbal, was a renowned philosopher, poet, and politician in British India who played a significant role in inspiring the Pakistan Movement. Allama Iqbal was born in 1877, and his first wife was Karim Bibi. They had three children: Aftab Iqbal, Miss Muneera Bano, and Miss Miraj Begum.
Dr Muhammad Iqbal’s Sons and Daughters Aftab Iqbal and Daughter Muneera Bano Miraj Begum (1895–1915) daughter of Allama. Muhammad Iqbal from his first wife Karim Bibi.
Munira Bano is the daughter of Allama Iqbal. She’s holding the arm of her elder brother, Javed Iqbal. This is the wedding picture of Munira Bano and Mian Salahuddin, 1949. Munira Bano is the daughter of Allama Iqbal.Apr 15, 2020
Born: 1930 aged 93 years
Children:- Yousuf Salahuddin
Grandparents:-Sheikh Muhammed , Imam Bibi.
Aunts:- Fatima Bibi Karim Bibi Zaynab Bibi and Talay Bibi
Uncle:- Sheikh Ata Muhammed
Parents Allama Muhammed Iqbal
History of Dr Muhammad Iqbal
History Biography of Dr Allama Iqbal?
Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal, often referred to as Allama Iqbal, was a renowned poet, philosopher, and politician in British India who played a crucial role in inspiring the Pakistan Movement. He was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, which is now part of Pakistan.
Early Life:– Iqbal came from a family with a long history of educational and religious service. His father, Sheikh Noor Muhammad, was a devout man and a tailor by profession. Despite facing financial challenges, Iqbal received his early education in Sialkot and then moved to Lahore for higher studies.
Education:– Iqbal went on to study at Government College in Lahore and later pursued a degree in philosophy from the University of Cambridge. He continued his studies in Germany, earning a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Munich. Iqbal’s exposure to Western philosophy, particularly the works of Nietzsche and Bergson, influenced his intellectual development.
Literary Career:– Allama Iqbal gained recognition as a poet with a distinctive style that blended Persian and Urdu poetry. His poetry addressed themes such as spirituality, self-realization, and the unity of the Muslim world. Notable works include “Bang-e-Dra” (The Call of the Marching Bell) and “Zarb-i Kalim” (The Reed Pen). His poetry aimed at awakening the Muslims from intellectual and spiritual slumber.
Philosophical Contributions: Iqbal was not only a poet but also a philosopher. He developed the concept of “Khudi” (selfhood), emphasizing the development of individual character and self-awareness. He advocated for a balance between spiritual and material aspects of life.
Political Involvement: Allama Iqbal became increasingly involved in political activities, advocating for the rights and unity of Muslims in India. He proposed the idea of a separate Muslim state in his famous Allahabad Address in 1930, laying the intellectual foundation for the creation of Pakistan.
Legacy:– Iqbal’s vision and poetry inspired the leaders of the Pakistan Movement, particularly Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Although he passed away on April 21, 1938, Iqbal’s legacy endures as a philosopher, poet, and visionary who played a pivotal role in shaping the ideology of Pakistan. Today, he is revered as Mufakkir-e-Pakistan (The Thinker of Pakistan) and Shair-e-Mashriq (The Poet of the East). His poetry continues to resonate with people, transcending national and cultural boundaries.
Iqbal day is organized and celebrated on 9 November every year in all the provinces as a tribute to Allama Muhammad Iqbal, the “Poet of the East”. Iqbal was born on 9 November 1877 in Sialkot, within the Punjab Province of British India, now in Pakistan.
Sir Muhammad Iqbal, widely known as Allama Iqbal was an Indian poet, philosopher and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is called the “Spiritual Father of Pakistan. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature,] with literary work in both Urdu and Persian. Iqbal is admired as a prominent poet by Indians, Pakistanis, Iranians and other international scholars of literature. Though Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet, he is also a highly acclaimed “Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times”.] His first poetry book, The Secrets of the Self, appeared in the Persian language in 1915, and other books of poetry include The Secrets of Selflessness, Message from the East and Persian Psalms. Amongst these, his best known Urdu works are The Call of the Marching Bell, Gabriel’s Wing, The Rod of Moses and a part of Gift from Hijaz. Along with his Urdu and Persian poetry, his Urdu and English lectures and letters have been very influential in cultural, social, religious and political disputes.
King George V of Britain
Because of his learning and knowledge, people soon began to call him ‘Allama’ Iqbal and in 1923, King George V of Britain, giving him the title of Allama ‘Sir’ Muhammad Iqbal. He was awarded 5 awards.
Who is the son of Allama Iqbal?
What did Allama Iqbal wrote for India?
Muhammad Iqbal wrote the famous patriotic song “Saare Jahan Se Achha“. Often credited with giving birth to the idea of Pakistan, Muhammad Allama Iqbal was born in 1877 in undivided India.